Bible Study

The Bible is never shy about confronting painful or hard questions.  This book faces them head on and tells us how to find meaning of life in light of the seemly futile nature of everything.  Much is to be learned by comparing one part of Scripture with another. Here we see Solomon returning from the broken and empty wells of the world, to the Fountain of living water; recording his own folly and shame, the bitterness of his disappointment, and the lessons he had learned. Those that have taken warning to turn and live, should warn others not to go on and die. He does not merely say all things are vain, but that they are vanity. VANITY OF VANITIES, ALL IS VANITY. The root word “hebel”means to be empty or without meaning, meaningless. This is the text of the preacher’s sermon, of which in this book he never loses sight. If this world, in its present state, were all there is to life, it would not be worth living for; and the wealth and pleasure of this world, if we had ever so much, are not enough to make us happy. What profit has a man of all his labour? All he gets by it will not supply the wants of the soul, nor satisfy its desires; will not atone for the sins of the soul, nor hinder the loss of it: what profit will the wealth of the world be to the soul in death, in judgment, or in the everlasting state?

MEET THE PREACHER 1:1

The autobiographical profile of the book’s writer unmistakably points to Solomon. Evidence abounds such as: 1) the titles fit Solomon, “son of David, king in Jerusalem” (1:1) and “king over Israel in Jerusalem” (1:12); 2) the author’s moral odyssey chronicles Solomon’s life (1 Kin. 2–11); and 3) the role of one who “taught the people knowledge” and wrote “many proverbs” (12:9) corresponds to his life. All point to Solomon, the son of David, as the author.

I. Life is meaningless without Jesus 1-2 II. Hard work is meaningless without Jesus 3-8

III. History is meaningless without Jesus 9-11

OUTLINE

I. PROLOGUE TO THE BOOK (1:1-3)

A. AUTHOR IDENTIFIED (1)

      1. The words of the Preacher

      2. The son of David, king in Jerusalem

B. THEME STATED (2)

      1. “Vanity of vanities…vanity of vanities, all is vanity”

      2. All is futile, useless, meaningless!

C. QUESTION RAISED (3)

      1. “What profit has a man from all his labor in which he toils

         under the sun?”

      2. This is the question the “Preacher” sought to answer

II. FUTILITY OBSERVED IN THE CYCLES OF LIFE (1:4-11)

A. NOTHING SEEMS TO CHANGE (4-7)

      1. Generations come and go, while the earth abides forever

      2. The sun is constant with its rising and setting

      3. The winds continue their whirling cycle

      4. The water cycle also, as rivers run into the seas, then through evaporation and rain return to the rivers again

   B. NOTHING SEEMS TO SATISFY (8)

      1. Despite all our labors, man is never truly satisfied

      2. The eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing

C. NOTHING IS NEW UNDER THE SUN (9-11)

      1. What will be done is that which has been done

      2. If thought to be new, it is has been done in ancient times

      3. We simply don’t remember the past, nor will the future remember the present

III. THE FUTILITY OF HUMAN WISDOM (1:12-18)

A. THE PREACHER DESCRIBES HIS SEARCH (12-15)

      1. He was king over Israel in Jerusalem

      2. He determined to use wisdom to seek and search all that has  been done “under heaven”

      3. A task that he understood God had given to all men, to  challenge them

      4. He summarizes what he found, having seen all the works done “under the sun”

         a. They are vanity and grasping for the wind

         b. For there is little one can do to make significant changes

B. THE PREACHER APPLIED HIS GOD-GIVEN WISDOM (16-17a)

      1. He acknowledged the greatness and wisdom he had attained

      2. He therefore sought to apply it to understand wisdom, madness, and folly

C. THE PREACHER CONCLUDES (HUMAN) WISDOM IS FUTILE (17b-18)

      1. It was like grasping for wind

      2. More wisdom and knowledge just increases grief and sorrow

lV.  WHAT IS THE ANSWER? JOHN 7:37….Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.  38  He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

 I John 5:11 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.

Victory Baptist Church 08 January 2020 victorypalmetto.com

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *